Sir Michael Somare - The right thing to do is to step aside as Prime Minister

Post Courier,  Page 12, 15 June 2010 - Dr John Nonggorr, Mt Hagen.

The right thing for Sir Michael Somare to do to promote and uphold good and ethical government, protect the good name of the Office of Prime Minister and set a better example for leadership in PNG, is to step aside as Prime Minister now; and allow investigations to be conducted by relevant law enforcement agencies into serious allegations that he broke a number of laws in the Moti Affair

The Moti Affair 
The Ombudsman Commission submitted to the Parliament its report on the Moti Affair. The Parliament rejected the Report on 10th March 2010. In the recent sitting of the Parliament, no mention was made of the Report or of the Moti Affair generally. Should PNG just forget about this episode, just like other similar issues in the past, as it if it never happened?
This one should not be forgotten.
The Moti Affair should not be forgotten because it involved allegations of unlawful conduct on the part of the person holding the Office of Prime Minister. The person occupying that Office, Sir Micheal Somare, was accused of beaching PNG’s laws including committing criminal offences. If PNG is ever to tackle serious issues about whether the rule of law exists in the country and issues of governance (mismanagement, corruption, etc.) facing PNG, we must ensure that the matters raised by the Moti Affair are properly investigated. The image of the Office of Prime Minister has been tarnished.
Office of Prime Minister is separate from Sir Michael Somare 
The Office of Prime Minister is the top most leadership position in PNG. It belongs to the people of PNG. It does not belong to an individual.
An individual occupying the Office of Prime Minister must be the first to respect the Office. If any wrong doing is alleged against the person occupying the Office, and the allegations made are serious, the person holding the Office must, at the least, step aside as Prime Minister and allow investigations to be conducted. To not to do so is to bring the Office of Prime Minister into disrepute, damage its image and set a bad example of leadership down the line.
The Ombudsman Commission’s report on the Moti Affair highlighted breaches of a number of laws. They are serious in two respects. One, the laws broken are important laws. Two, the Ombudsman Commission report’s findings raise allegations that require further investigation by relevant authorities without being compromised, real or apprehended.
For the appropriate authorities to conduct the investigations without the appearance of influence by Sir Micheal Somare remaining in the Office of Prime Minister, Sir Michael Somare ought to step aside to allow these investigations to be conducted. There is already a perception in the minds of many Papua New Guineans that any investigations will come to nothing because Sir Micheal Somare is the Prime Minister. This is a bad indictment on the rule of law in PNG.
Serious allegations against Sir Michael Somare in the Moti Affair 
The single most serious allegation made against Sir Michael Somare is that he gave directions for Julian Moti to be removed from PNG whilst judicial processes were still in play.
In its 2009 Report, the Ombudsman Commission said that, from evidence available to it, in its opinion, Sir Micheal Somare gave the direction for Julian Moti to be removed from PNG to Solomon Islands. Sir Michael Somare has denied giving such a direction.
Whether or not Sir Michael Somare did or did not give the direction must be determined by the appropriate authorities. The Ombudsman Commission has formed the view that Sir Michael Somare gave the direction. Sir Michael Somare says he did not. Sir Michael Somare is not guilty of anything. But, he stands accused by a competent constitutional office – and the accusations are serious. Sir Michael Somare ought not to occupy the Office of Prime Minister until he is cleared.
But the Ombudsman is not the only body that has reached this conclusion. A defence force inquiry in 2007, headed by a senior judge, reportedly made similar findings as the Ombudsman Report. Sir Michael Somare took court action to stop the release and publication of that inquiry report in late 2007.
To protect the good name of the Office of Prime Minister, to establish better standards of ethics in leadership, and to remove any perception in the minds of Papua New Guineans that he will influence investigations by relevant authorities; respecting the people’s Office of Prime Minister, Sir Michael Somare ought to step aside. There is good example of this. Sir Julius Chan stepped aside as Prime Minister to allow an inquiry to be conducted in the Sandline Affair.  Here, the situation is more serious, in that, the Ombudsman Commission has already formed the view that Sir Michael Somare gave a direction that led to breaches of a number of laws.
What are the Ombudsman Commission’s findings? On the mid-night to early morning of 10 October 2006, Julian Moti was flown out from Port Moresby to Munda in the Solomon Islands in a PNG Defence Force (PNGDF) aircraft.
·      On 30th September 2006, the District Court had revoked an earlier warrant for Julian Moti to be released and ordered that Mr. Moti be arrested and detained. If Sir Michael Somare gave directions for Julian Moti to be taken out of PNG, as the Ombudsman Commission concluded, this was a direct violation of the orders of the District Court. This is serious because it is contempt of court and brings into conflict the separation of powers – between the judiciary and the executive government.
·      The flight from Port Moresby to Munda was not approved by the civil aviation authorities as required by laws applying to aircraft flights. These laws were broken. It was also dangerous. The airfield at Jacksons airport was not lighted, and the PNGDF aircraft flew out at 1:00am in the dark.  Breaches of these laws implicate Sir Michael Somare if he gave the direction for Julian Moti’s removal as the Ombudsman Commission concluded.
·      Only the National Executive Council has the power to direct the PNGDF to undertake missions such as that involving the flying out of Julian Moti from PNG to Solomon Islands. If Sir Michael Somare gave the direction, as the Ombudsman Commission concluded, this was a breach of laws that apply to the PNGDF.
·      Police were also directed by government officials not to arrest and detain Julian Moti as ordered by the Court. This is an interference in the independence of the Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary and itself a contempt of court.
The breaches of these laws are serious, and they must be properly investigated. And, Sir Michael Somare stands accused in these serious breaches.
Attack on the Ombudsman Commission
Like the office of the Prime Minister, the Ombudsman Commission as an institution belongs to the people of PNG. It is an important office established by the Constitution of PNG.
In statements made in Parliament and published in newspapers, Sir Michael Somare criticised the Ombudsman Commission’s report “stupid and disappointing” and its contents as reflecting “very poorly of the integrity and objectivity of the Ombudsman Commission in the conduct of its duties”.
Already, this criticism of the Ombudsman Commission demonstrates why Sir Michael Somare ought to step aside as Prime Minister and allow those investigations to establish whether or not Sir Michael Somare is guilty of what he has been accused of. The people’s Office of Prime Minister cannot be used, by the person occupying it, to attack an important constitutional office like the Ombudsman Commission that also belongs to the people of PNG. The Ombudsman Commission findings were against Sir Michael Somare as an individual, not the office of Prime Minister.
Other events which have taken place before and since the Ombudsman Commission’s report into the Moti Affair raise serious questions as to whether Sir Michael Somare (as Prime Minister) is unfairly prejudiced against the Ombudsman Commission.
·      The Maladina sponsored amendments to the Constitution and the Organic Law on Duties and Responsibilities of Leadership have been controversial. There is suspicion that these important legislative measures, some parts of which will cut down the powers of the Ombudsman Commission, are being handled with prejudice by the Government that Sir Michael Somare leads.
·      The Chief Ombudsman, Chronox Manek, was attacked by criminals recently and it has been said that it was an attempt on his life. Neither the Prime Minister nor any other Minister condemned the attack.  The perception is reinforced that Sir Michael Somare and his Ministers are prejudiced against the Ombudsman Commission and are unable to do what is required of them as leaders – to speak out against such attacks to protect individuals who work in public institutions which involve risks.
·      Sir Michael Somare stopped the publication of the Defence inquiry report headed by Justice Gibbs Salika. Not only did this discredit a senior judge of the third arm of government, the judiciary, but the perception remains that Sir Michael Somare stopped the inquiry to protect himself.
Do the Ombudsman Commission’s conclusions made on Sir Michael Somare in the Moti report have basis?
Anyone who has read the Ombudsman Commission’s report of the Moti Affair will see that the Ombudsman Commission’s conclusion that Sir Micheal Somare gave the direction for Julian Moti to be flown out of PNG came from one person’s evidence – the evidence of the late Joseph Assaigo, then Director-General of Office of Security Coordination and Advisory. Assaigo told the Ombudsman Commission that Sir Michael Somare’s then Chief of Staff Leonard Louma told him (Assaigo) that the Prime Minister wanted Julian Moti to be removed from PNG, and Assaigo and then Chief Secretary Joshua Kalinoe were to do this.
Assaigo’s was the only evidence stating to the effect that Sir Michael Somare gave the direction for Moti to be taken out of PNG. There was no other evidence. Assaigo was a lawyer and a public servant for many years.
However, two critical people did not give evidence to the Ombudsman Commission. They were Leonard Louma and Joshua Kalinoe. The Ombudsman Commission wanted their evidence but, on the specific matter of the removal of Moti from PNG to Solomon Islands, Sir Michael Somare stopped Leonard Louma and Joshua Kalinoe from giving evidence to the Ombudsman Commission. This, Sir Michael Somare did, by using Section 19 of the Organic Law on Ombudsman Commission, which permits a Prime Minister, after consultations with the Ombudsman Commission, to certify that giving information on a subject matter would prejudice the security, defence or international relations of PNG; or giving information would involve disclosure of proceedings, deliberations or decisions of the National Executive Council.  
The use of Section 19 by Sir Michael Somare in this way raises more questions. The first is - why did Sir Michael Somare prevent Leonard Louma and Joshua Kalinoe from being questioned by the Ombudsman? Second, by using the power given to the Prime Minster by Section 19, some may say that Sir Michael Somare had something to hide and did so to protect himself. This is another example of why the individual occupying the Office of Prime Minister must be separated from the Office of Prime Minister. Otherwise, the actions of the individual will result in illegitimate exercise of the powers, functions and damage the image of the people’s Office of Prime Minister.
Parliament is neglecting its duty to scrutinise the executive government
On 10 March 2010, the Parliament rejected the Moti Affair report submitted by the Ombudsman Commission. The manner of the presentation of the Report was questioned by certain Members of Parliament (MPs).  Would the Report have been tabled if it was given to the Government to table? Chances are that it would not have been allowed because of the complete control and subjugation of the Parliament by the executive.
Members of Parliament completely abrogated their responsibilities as members of the legislature to examine and debate the Report and its findings properly. MPs did a complete disservice to the people of PNG.
Very serious breaches of the country’s laws were alleged. The Prime Minister was accused of breaching these laws by the Ombudsman Commission. Instead of taking these issues seriously and examining the conduct of the executive, the Parliament rejected the Report. What is the role of Parliament if it cannot inquire into questionable actions of the executive? What is the role of MPs? In the recently concluded sitting of the Parliament, nothing was mentioned of this serious issue. It has prompted me to write this.
The Parliament is fast losing its legitimacy. That legitimacy does not come from those elected exercising power given in elections but from the people. If the people perceive that Parliament is not doing what it should be doing (including supervising the executive government), the people have the right to ask that Parliament must disband itself. MPs must not take the people of PNG for granted.
What is my interest in raising these matters?
I raise these issue as a citizen concerned about the state of poor governance in PNG – evidenced by gross mismanagement, corruption, bad ethics and poor standards of leadership, and serious challenges to the rule of law. As a lawyer interested in public policy issues, I feel obliged to do this since most professionals and professional organisations have been silent on important issues of governance in this young country in general and, more specifically, the rule of law in particular. It would be dishonest of me if I did not do this.
The Moti Affair raised serious breaches of the laws of PNG. And the country’s Prime Minister has been implicated in criminal conduct.
No one else can set the tone and standard of leadership than the Prime Minister. The country’s Prime Minister must be seen to uphold the laws of the country.
The perception that there is one set of laws for the poor and weak, and another for the rich and powerful must be corrected. The important principle that everyone is equal before the law must be upheld and be seen to be promoted especially by the top leaders of the country.
I am not a politician. I have never supported any political party. My only interest is simply this - I am concerned about the poor state of the country in terms of governance and the rich and powerful not respecting the rule of law. The standard of ethics, of leadership example, and the values that we the current generation in control of PNG’s affairs are cultivating and setting for the young people, is very poor.
Sir Michael Somare can correct this by doing the right thing now – by stepping aside as Prime Minister and allow the accusations made against him in the Moti Report to be fully investigated by relevant authorities without fear of repercussions on the part of those whose job it is to do so, real or apprehended. The person who gave evidence of Sir Michael Somare giving the unlawful directions, Joseph Assaigo, has passed on. The other persons who can give evidence to relevant authorities are Leonard Louma and Joshua Kalinoe. Sir Michael Somare ought to step aside as Prime Minister, allow these two men to fully cooperate with the law enforcement agencies so that those who broke the law can be properly dealt with. Otherwise, the breaches of these laws will be forgotten, like many others in the past. Where then is the rule of law? Should we pretend that these things never happened? We cannot. Julian Moti was in PNG. Some individuals broke PNG’s laws and removed him clandestinely from the country. They must be dealt with!
The people have the right to demand, as we did during the Sandline crisis against the then Prime Minister Sir Julius Chan, that Sir Michael Somare step aside as Prime Minister.


Absolutely 100% agree with Dr Nonggorr. The grandfather of this nation must use his experience and wisdom to reflect on what is right for the nation and not for himself. Being the Prime Minister, occupying that most high of offices of this wonderful nation is not a right he has earned, it is and always will be a priviledge granted by the grace of God, Parliament and the People of Papua New Guinea.
At the moment PNG is suffering from a lack of transparent, clear right thinking, upstanding leadership. The people of PNG know this is happening yet we softly grumble to ourselves when we read the latest newspaper headlines, we quietly mumble to each other about it while breaking into our buai skins, but we only ever seem to cry & fight about it when we've had a few brownies!!
Come on PNG!! It doesnt take a senior lawyer publishing adverts in the paper for all of us to KNOW that our country is rotten from the top down!!! Enough is enough!! ACT NOT PNG!!

If Sir J did the right thing by stepping aside during the Sandline crisis then I can not see any reason why Sir Michael Somare can't do the same. There are alot of corruptions at high places during Sir Michael Somare's time than during the colonial days or any prime minister ever before. Even Sir Michael Somare himself was implicated too but nothing has been done about all these corruptions?

I am of the view that the fair and honorable thing for the Prime Minister to do is (a) to step a side and let the people who are doing the investigations do their job and if he is implicated then let it be so. He deserve to be implicated for his wrong doing like any other ordinary citizens of Papua New Guinea. But if he is innocent, then let him continue to rule the country and (b) if the prime minister thinks that he has done something wrong then he should simply apologise to the people of Papua New Guinea and stand aside or resign from his post and let the law of the country takes its cause through investigation. These practices have been applied in Australian Parliament every now and then and should be applied to Papua New Guinea to uphold the law of the land and its parliament.

I strongly believed that for Sir Michael Somare to be long remembered as the father of the nation at this time of his life, the above will be the right and honorable things to do. If not then many things he does during the late part of his life will over-shadow many good things he did when he was the first prime minister. For example, I am beginning to see the prime minister as becoming corrupt and the good things he's done is fast eroding from my memory so I will not remember him as an upstanding leader anymore. I am sure alot of people will share the same view.

The other thing that Sir Michael Somare should be aware of is the number of corruptions that have been taking place and the suffering that ordinary Papua New Guineans are going through. When Sir Michael Somare was the first prime minister alot of Papua New Guineans were not educated so I believe it was easy for him to run the country. But at the current stage, many Papua New Guineans are well educated and expect the country to be managed and run at a much higher level than in the past. The way Papua New Guinea is run should be changed to eliminate corruptions once and for all. It is unfortunate that the way Papua New Guinea is run by Sir Michael Somare today encourages and is brewing corruptions from the lowest to the highest level, from the LLG to ministrial heads and their mininters. Corruptions in Papua New Guinea have continued for so long and is becoming compounded and once they explode, the end result will always be disasterous.

I am of the view that not long people will start showing their frustrations on the streets of Port Moresby and other parts of Papua New Guinea. And Sir Michael Somare is making this difficult for himself, the next prime minister and other future leaders to come. So at the late part of Sir Michael's life, I doubt very much that alot of people will remember him as the father of the nation because alot of interesting things are coming up. Usually in Papua New Guinea, when someone leaves a post, the first thing his or her successor does is to find his or her fault to discredit the good things the person does. I hope Sir Michael will leave the prime minister's post with dignity he rightfully deserves and no-one will discredit him afterwards.

I totally disagree with Dr. John Nongor's proposals for the PM's resignation. Unless for other sound reasons and not for the Moti Saga. The whole MOTI saga is a calculated attacked against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the small pacific island countries launched by the regional putonomy, who see Julian Moti has a threat to their dominance in the region. Chief Sir Michael Somare as the head of the state of the largest Melanesian country acted responsibly and appropriately to protect our smaller brother nations instead of succumbing to Australia's venom.

Dr. Nongor, have you ever asked yourself why the AFP did not arrest Moti when he was in Queensland or in Port Villa instead of waiting until he arrived in Port Moresby? The case against Moti started in 1997 and has been through Australian Federal Court for many times before 2004 when he was appointed as Attorney General to Solomon Island. Australia saw Moti's appointment as a serious threat to their dominance in the region because he knows too much to discredit their covert operations in the region. In fact, the Moti case revealed gross bribery by the Australian Federal Police between 1998 – 1999, which forced Justice Mullins of the Queensland Supreme Court to question the integrity of the administration of the Australian Justice system.

We did, side-stepped our laws in the whole Moti Saga, but it is NOT for a personal selfish reason. It is for the greater good of the people Papua New Guinea and Melanesian brotherhood identity and dignity. The situation presents itself for such extraordinary measures to be taken and the Prime Minister's actions were necessary at that time.

PM's action has gained us (PNG) the long-missed respect from Australia and other neighboring pacific island countries. This comes at the cost of our own laws. We can now sit at the negotiation table against Australia, NZ and PIF neighbors with dignity and pride for playing a role in protecting small island nation's territorial integrity and sovereignty.

PNG is a power to reckon with and we must never allow ourselves to be bullied by Australia or any other regional power. Such technocratic propaganda's from the likes of Dr. Nongor's has equal capacity to undermine our sovereignty and make PNG puppets to the caprice of Australia.

I would have thought for a learned man as Dr. Nongorr, there are vast corruption issues that he could have listed to call for the PM's resignation and not base his call on the MOTI issue which I doubt the PM ever gained from it personally.

I concur with Albert Tobby, although it may have been constitutionally wrong for the actions taken during the MOTI saga, there was nothing to gain except maybe restore some self PM pride for his minor sandle issue in Brisbane. I somewhat think, the PM acted to protect our sovereignty and not succumb to regional powers-bullies in the Pacific.

Nevertherless, for the so many corruption issues involving the PM and his cohorts, it is the most sensible and graceful thing for the PM to step down immediately.